Table 2—

Prevalence of each metabolic syndrome risk factor within each race, sex, and BMI category*

BMI (kg/m2)Men
Women
All
BlackHispanicWhiteBlackHispanicWhite
High waist circumference (>102 cm men, >88 cm women)
    18.5–20.90.0 ± 0.00.0 ± 0.00.0 ± 0.00.4 ± 0.40.5 ± 0.40.1 ± 0.10.2 ± 0.1
    21.0–22.90.0 ± 0.00.0 ± 0.00.1 ± 0.13.1 ± 0.98.3 ± 2.34.0 ± 0.73.6 ± 0.5
    23.0–24.90.0 ± 0.01.0 ± 0.61.9 ± 0.57.3 ± 1.319.6 ± 2.712.5 ± 1.111.6 ± 1.1
    25.0–26.94.0 ± 1.31.7 ± 0.59.7 ± 1.222.6 ± 2.047.7 ± 3.727.1 ± 1.625.8 ± 1.2
    P for trend<0.001<0.001<0.001<0.001<0.001<0.001<0.001
High triglycerides (>150 mg/dl)
    18.5–20.914.2 ± 2.810.5 ± 3.315.4 ± 3.311.5 ± 1.88.9 ± 2.68.9 ± 1.39.7 ± 1.2
    21.0–22.912.7 ± 2.219.7 ± 3.119.0 ± 2.610.8 ± 1.517.1 ± 3.118.4 ± 1.618.7 ± 1.2
    23.0–24.918.7 ± 2.529.8 ± 2.927.5 ± 2.416.1 ± 1.824.4 ± 3.026.1 ± 1.625.1 ± 1.5
    25.0–26.924.6 ± 3.146.9 ± 3.144.3 ± 2.821.9 ± 2.136.5 ± 3.539.9 ± 2.038.6 ± 1.8
    P for trend0.008<0.001<0.0010.005<0.001<0.001<0.001
Low HDL cholesterol (<40 mg/dl men, <50 mg/dl women)
    18.5–20.911.8 ± 2.78.9 ± 2.723.3 ± 4.214.6 ± 2.030.4 ± 4.326.2 ± 2.124.4 ± 2.0
    21.0–22.911.5 ± 3.018.3 ± 2.920.6 ± 2.618.9 ± 2.334.9 ± 4.126.9 ± 1.826.9 ± 2.0
    23.0–24.912.0 ± 2.128.2 ± 3.129.7 ± 2.518.6 ± 1.944.2 ± 3.630.7 ± 1.830.3 ± 1.6
    25.0–26.927.2 ± 3.140.3 ± 3.142.0 ± 2.731.9 ± 2.447.5 ± 3.742.5 ± 2.041.9 ± 1.7
    P for trend<0.001<0.001<0.0010.005<0.001<0.001<0.001
High blood pressure (systolic >130 mmHg or diastolic >85 mmHg)
    18.5–20.926.2 ± 3.36.6 ± 2.017.7 ± 3.121.9 ± 2.38.3 ± 2.815.8 ± 1.515.7 ± 1.6
    21.0–22.936.2 ± 3.517.3 ± 2.927.4 ± 2.831.1 ± 2.413.5 ± 2.523.8 ± 1.623.7 ± 1.4
    23.0–24.932.8 ± 2.918.5 ± 2.228.9 ± 2.429.8 ± 2.216.7 ± 2.529.0 ± 1.728.4 ± 1.6
    25.0–26.941.5 ± 3.234.5 ± 2.940.2 ± 2.741.0 ± 2.421.7 ± 2.739.7 ± 1.938.0 ± 1.7
    P for trend<0.001<0.001<0.001<0.001<0.001<0.001<0.001
High glucose (>110 mg/dl)
    18.5–20.94.9 ± 1.65.1 ± 2.33.6 ± 1.23.9 ± 1.01.0 ± 0.92.6 ± 0.63.0 ± 0.5
    21.0–22.95.2 ± 1.36.0 ± 1.56.2 ± 1.36.1 ± 1.13.9 ± 1.35.0 ± 0.85.3 ± 0.6
    23.0–24.96.0 ± 1.36.5 ± 1.55.8 ± 1.05.5 ± 1.06.4 ± 1.65.5 ± 0.76.2 ± 0.7
    25.0–26.99.1 ± 1.611.5 ± 1.87.8 ± 1.111.5 ± 1.58.5 ± 1.67.5 ± 0.87.9 ± 0.5
    P for trend0.0390.0030.0490.002<0.0010.001<0.001
  • Data are mean ± SE.

  • *

    * SE exceeding 30% of the prevalence do not meet the standard of statistical reliability and precision.