Table 1—

Characteristics of the participants

OverweightObesityTotalP
n (%)105 (19.7)428 (80.3)533 (100)
Age (years)9.44 ± 2.39.78 ± 2.49.71 ± 2.30.2
Sex (boys/girls)35/70226/202261/272<0.001
Weight (kg)37.8 ± 11.852.1 ± 1749.3 ± 17.1<0.001
Height (cm)132 ± 12140 ± 14138 ± 14<0.001
BMI (kg/m2)20.8 ± 4.125.6 ± 4.224.7 ± 4.6<0.001
Waist circumference (cm)71.6 ± 9.878.5 ± 1377.2 ± 13.3<0.001
Hip circumference (cm)81.4 ± 10.386.7 ± 13.285.7 ± 12.9<0.001
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)100 ± 10103 ± 12.9102.4 ± 12.40.03
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)69.6 ± 8.572.6 ± 9.172 ± 90.003
Fasting plasma glucose (mg/dl)92.4 ± 7.993.7 ± 8.293.4 ± 8.20.16
2-h plasma glucose (mg/dl)105 ± 34112 ± 37111 ± 360.10
  • Data are means ± SD.