Table 1—

Various glycemic characteristics overall and by sex and diabetes type

Glycemic measure*HypoglycemiaEuglycemia‡Hyperglycemia§
Episodes per day
    Overall1.6 ± 1.35.6 ± 1.92.8 ± 1.3
    Male1.5 ± 1.35.1 ± 2.02.8 ± 1.4
    Female1.7 ± 1.36.0 ± 1.82.8 ± 1.2
    Type 12.1 ± 1.36.3 ± 1.73.0 ± 1.0
    Type 21.0 ± 1.14.5 ± 1.82.5 ± 1.6
Duration of episode (h)
    Overall0.9 ± 0.43.0 ± 1.62.4 ± 1.9
    Male0.9 ± 0.43.0 ± 2.02.8 ± 2.6
    Female0.9 ± 0.42.9 ± 1.22.1 ± 1.0
    Type 11.1 ± 0.42.4 ± 0.62.3 ± 1.1
    Type 20.7 ± 0.43.8 ± 2.22.5 ± 2.7
Maximum value of excursion (mg/dl)
    Overall49.0 ± 8.2NA233.8 ± 27.4
    Male48.0 ± 8.3NA238.1 ± 33.7
    Female49.8 ± 8.0NA230.2 ± 20.4
    Type 148.4 ± 7.2NA236.9 ± 20.6
    Type 250.1 ± 9.7NA229.5 ± 34.8
Mean departure during episode (mg/dl)
    Overall57.3 ± 5.8NA211.2 ± 17.2
    Male56.7 ± 5.3NA213.8 ± 22.0
    Female57.7 ± 4.6NA209.0 ± 11.6
    Type 156.9 ± 4.0NA212.7 ± 11.8
    Type 257.9 ± 6.3NA209.0 ± 23.0
AUC
    Overall31.0 ± 33.9NA390.8 ± 432.0
    Male28.4 ± 32.7NA468.6 ± 538.9
    Female33.3 ± 35.0NA323.1 ± 300.1
    Type 141.3 ± 31.9NA396.8 ± 314.8
    Type 216.0 ± 31.3NA382.1 ± 566.0
Proportion of time
    Overall0.08 ± 0.070.63 ± 0.200.29 ± 0.22
    Male0.07 ± 0.070.59 ± 0.240.34 ± 0.26
    Female0.08 ± 0.070.66 ± 0.150.26 ± 0.17
    Type 10.10 ± 0.060.61 ± 0.130.30 ± 0.16
    Type 20.04 ± 0.060.67 ± 0.270.29 ± 0.28
Hours/day
    Overall1.8 ± 1.615.2 ± 4.97.1 ± 5.2
    Male1.6 ± 1.614.3 ± 5.88.1 ± 6.2
    Female1.8 ± 1.616.0 ± 3.76.2 ± 4.0
    Type 12.3 ± 1.514.5 ± 3.17.2 ± 3.9
    Type 21.0 ± 1.416.1 ± 6.66.9 ± 6.7
  • Data are means ±SD.

  • *

    * Sample sizes in all cases are as follows: overall (n = 101), male (n = 47), female (n = 54), type 1 diabetes (n = 60), and type 2 diabetes (n = 41).

  • Hypoglycemia indicates episodes of at least 10 min in duration <70 mg/dl, euglycemia indicates 70–180 mg/dl, and hyperglycemia indicates episodes of at least 10 min in duration of >180 mg/dl. NA, not applicable.