Table 2—

Baseline characteristics of subjects with no retinopathy at baseline

Intervention groupControl groupSignificance
Number (male/female)61 (15/46)49 (15/34)P = 0.841
Age (years)53.5 (12.4)53.5 (13.9)P = 0.997
Ethnicity
    Non-Hispanic white2220P = 0.930
    Hispanic2619
    Black87
    Other53
A1C (%)9.6 ± 1.69.7 ± 1.8P = 0.638
Diabetes duration (years)7.3 ± 5.47.5 ± 8.3P = 0.921
Follow-up time (months)19.9 ± 8.424.0 ± 8.9P = 0.019*
Dropouts (total)1315P = 0.372
    Withdraw/move63P = 0.384
    Loss of benefit11
    Death10
    Loss to follow-up25
    No second photo36
  • Data are means ± SD, unless otherwise indicated.