Table 1—

Mean values of quantitative ECG traits for specific complications of diabetes

Variable categoriesQTIPRMSDPSDNNP
Ankle/brachial index
Postural blood pressure
    >20-mmHg decrease102<0.00110<0.00110<0.001
    ≤20-mmHg decrease991818
PEFR (l/min)
Sensory neuropathy index
Erectile dysfunction
Ulcers on feet
Lower extremity amputation
Diabetic retinopathy*
    None to minimal990.00723<0.00123<0.001
ESRD (dialysis or renal transplant)
  • *

    * As graded at examination phase 4 (1995–1996). CVD, cardiovascular disease, including myocardial infarction, coronary bypass surgery, coronary angioplasty, transient ischemic attack, carotid endarterectomy, congestive heart failure, use of nitroglycerine or anticoagulants, or angina or stroke.