Table 1—

Mean values of quantitative ECG traits for specific complications of diabetes

Variable categoriesQTIPRMSDPSDNNP
Ankle/brachial index
    <0.91020.0990.10100.06
    0.9–1.31001919
    >1.3991213
Postural blood pressure
    >20-mmHg decrease102<0.00110<0.00110<0.001
    ≤20-mmHg decrease991818
PEFR (l/min)
    30–430102<0.001130.00412<0.001
    440–5001001717
    510–5801001516
    590–760982121
Sensory neuropathy index
    0,1990.00319<0.00119<0.001
    2,310199
Erectile dysfunction
    No98<0.001190.12200.06
    Yes1001313
Ulcers on feet
    No990.0218<0.00118<0.001
    Yes101910
Lower extremity amputation
    No990.0717<0.00117<0.001
    Yes10177
Diabetic retinopathy*
    None to minimal990.00723<0.00123<0.001
    Moderate981718
    Proliferative10099
CVD
    No99<0.001170.00218<0.001
    Yes1031211
Hypertension
    No990.2220<0.00120<0.001
    Yes1001213
ESRD (dialysis or renal transplant)
    No990.00718<0.00118<0.001
    Yes10177
  • *

    * As graded at examination phase 4 (1995–1996). CVD, cardiovascular disease, including myocardial infarction, coronary bypass surgery, coronary angioplasty, transient ischemic attack, carotid endarterectomy, congestive heart failure, use of nitroglycerine or anticoagulants, or angina or stroke.