Table 1—

Sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of TRIAD participants by race/ethnicity

TotalWhiteAfrican AmericanLatinoAsian/Pacific IslanderOtherP*
n7,4563,2931,2341,2071,075647
Age (years)60.4 ± 12.661.8 ± 12.559.4 ± 12.560.9 ± 12.757.6 ± 12.159.0 ± 12.7<0.0001
Women (%)534965534753<0.0001
Education (%)
    <High school221531421019<0.0001
    High school graduate292932262832
    >High school graduate495637326249
Annual income (%)
    <$15,000302551361529<0.0001
    $15,000–39,999313126373230
    $40,000–74,999242616203127
    >$75,0001518772315
Duration of diabetes (years)12.2 ± 10.812.5 ± 11.012.7 ± 11.212.3 ± 10.610.9 ± 10.511.7 ± 10.40.0004
Comorbidity score0.99 ± 0.921.05 ± 0.930.92 ± 0.960.91 ± 0.940.99 ± 0.850.97 ± 0.87<0.0001
BMI (kg/m2)31.3 ± 7.331.6 ± 7.333.0 ± 7.830.9 ± 6.828.5 ± 6.231.7 ± 7.4<0.0001
Smoker (%)191725191620<0.0001
Diabetes medications (%)
    Insulin only18212512919<0.0001
    Insulin + oral131316121112
    Oral only615955706959
    None87571110
PCS-1243.2 ± 7.143.0 ± 7.341.7 ± 7.243.4 ± 7.045.1 ± 6.143.1 ± 7.3<0.0001
MCS-1244.9 ± 6.544.7 ± 6.344.2 ± 6.845.2 ± 6.845.7 ± 5.944.9 ± 6.9<0.0001
  • Data are means ± SD unless otherwise indicated.

  • *

    * P values are for global tests of association across racial/ethnic groups.