Table 2—

Processes of care

A1C measuredLipid profile measured or triglycerides >400%Nephropathy assessedDilated eye examinationFoot examinationAspirin advice or useInfluenza vaccine
Race/ethnicity
    White (reference group)82.468.075.575.783.453.568.4
    African American77.7 (0.002)61.0 (<0.0001)79.7 (0.02)79.1 (0.03)88.6 (0.0001)52.0 (0.43)58.5 (<0.0001)
    Latino86.3 (0.01)67.3 (0.72)77.3 (0.31)82.7 (<0.0001)86.4 (0.02)53.4 (0.98)67.0 (0.43)
    Asian/Pacific Islander84.7 (0.23)71.8 (0.09)76.9 (0.55)80.6 (0.01)86.7 (0.03)52.6 (0.72)70.5 (0.33)
    Other81.1 (0.49)65.4 (0.25)69.6 (0.009)77.3 (0.41)83.7 (0.83)52.6 (0.70)65.4 (0.17)
Education
    >High school graduate (reference group)82.266.576.279.885.253.167.7
    High school graduate82.4 (0.82)67.4 (0.50)75.3 (0.46)78.6 (0.30)84.5 (0.49)53.4 (0.85)65.2 (0.08)
    <High school graduate82.1 (0.97)66.8 (0.87)77.3 (0.51)74.7 (0.0006)85.9 (0.55)52.4 (0.72)65.8 (0.27)
Annual income
    >$75,000 (reference group)84.066.978.584.684.154.868.6
    $40,000–75,00084.2 (0.94)68.8 (0.34)76.0 (0.15)80.5 (0.005)86.3 (0.09)55.5 (0.72)66.9 (0.36)
    $15,000–40,00081.9 (0.18)67.2 (0.89)76.4 (0.23)77.4 (<0.0001)84.9 (0.59)51.8 (0.16)66.8 (0.34)
    <$15,00080.0 (0.04)65.0 (0.40)74.7 (0.07)74.5 (<0.0001)84.9 (0.65)51.5 (0.19)64.8 (0.10)
  • Data are percentages (P values) adjusted for age, sex, duration of diabetes, health status, chronic condition score, and type of diabetes treatment.