Table 3—

HRs from Cox hazards models for all-cause, CVD, CHD, and non-CVD death during the 18-year follow-up in diabetic subjects without prior evidence of CHD compared with nondiabetic subjects with prior evidence of CHD

Prior evidence of CHDAll subjects
Men
Women
HR (95% CI)PHR (95% CI)PHR (95% CI)P
CHD death
    Prior MI0.95 (0.62–1.46)0.8090.85 (0.53–1.37)0.5071.91 (0.60–6.08)0.273
    Angina pectoris at baseline2.14 (1.42–3.22)<0.0011.45 (0.90–2.34)0.1264.86 (2.08–11.33)<0.001
    ECG changes at baseline2.11 (1.48–3.01)<0.0011.54 (1.02–2.33)0.0404.27 (2.08–8.79)<0.001
    Any prior sign (MI, angina pectoris, or ECG change)1.89 (1.36–2.64)<0.0011.50 (1.01–2.22)0.0453.52 (1.83–6.79)<0.001
CVD death
    Prior MI1.19 (0.79–1.79)0.3961.00 (0.64–1.58)0.9852.89 (0.92–9.11)0.070
    Angina pectoris at baseline2.35 (1.64–3.37)<0.0011.44 (0.94–2.19)0.0915.76 (2.78–11.94)<0.001
    ECG changes at baseline2.30 (1.69–3.12)<0.0011.49 (1.04–2.13)0.0305.13 (2.81–9.35)<0.001
    Any prior sign (MI, angina pectoris, or ECG change)2.03 (1.52–2.72)<0.0011.40 (0.99–1.99)0.0564.43 (2.56–7.68)<0.001
Non-CVD death
    Prior MI1.41 (0.78–2.55)0.2581.70 (0.78–3.71)0.1840.90 (0.36–2.26)0.820
    Angina pectoris at baseline1.92 (1.26–2.93)0.0032.18 (1.17–4.06)0.0141.68 (0.93–3.03)0.085
    ECG changes at baseline1.71 (1.21–2.43)0.0021.83 (1.12–2.99)0.0161.53 (0.91–2.57)0.109
    Any prior sign (MI, angina pectoris, or ECG change)1.82 (1.31–2.53)<0.0011.83 (1.18–2.85)0.0071.69 (1.00–2.86)0.049
All-cause death
    Prior MI1.27 (0.91–1.77)0.1691.19 (0.80–1.75)0.3891.64 (0.81–3.35)0.171
    Angina pectoris at baseline2.17 (1.65–2.86)<0.0011.67 (1.18–2.37)0.0043.12 (2.00–4.87)<0.001
    ECG changes at baseline2.03 (1.62–2.56)<0.0011.61 (1.21–2.16)0.0012.75 (1.89–4.01)<0.001
    Any prior sign (MI, angina pectoris, or ECG change)1.94 (1.56–2.41)<0.0011.56 (1.19–2.05)0.0012.72 (1.89–3.92)<0.001
  • *HRs are adjusted for age, sex, area of residence, smoking status, hypertension, total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, and logarithm of triglycerides. MI, myocardial infarction.