Table 3—

Metabolic syndrome, elevated GGT and ALT, and adjusted relative risk of type 2 diabetes

Number of men (cases)Incidence (%)Adjusted relative risk*Adjusted relative risk
Metabolic syndrome
    No2,519 (29)1.21.001.00
    Yes981 (71)7.45.56 (3.58–8.63)4.14 (2.56–6.70)
No, GGT <371,978 (22)1.11.001.00
No, GGT ≥37541 (7)2.31.19 (0.51–2.81)0.98 (0.39–2.43)
Yes, GGT <37655 (39)5.94.74 (2.79–8.06)3.41 (1.94–5.99)
Yes, GGT ≥37326 (32)9.87.96 (4.55–13.93)5.64 (3.11–10.23)
No, ALT <201,976 (20)11.001.00
No, ALT ≥20543 (9)1.71.71 (0.77–3.80)1.76 (0.79–3.91)
Yes, ALT <20628 (36)5.74.91 (2.82–8.56)3.86 (2.14–6.96)
Yes, ALT ≥20353 (35)9.99.31 (5.26–16.50)6.88 (3.69–12.80)
  • Data are relative risk (95% CI) or n (%).

  • *

    * Adjusted for age, social class, physical activity, smoking status, alcohol intake, preexisting coronary heart disease, stroke, and use of statins.

  • Adjusted for above and BMI.