Table 1—

Social, demographic, and health status characteristics of diabetic patients with and without chronic pain

With chronic painWithout chronic painP value
n557371
Age (years)64 ± 1066 ± 100.0001
    <6039 (216)26 (98)0.0001
    60–7030 (168)34 (125)0.26
    >7031 (173)40 (148)0.006
Male96 (537/557)99 (368/371)0.008
White67 (358/538)71 (257/362)0.16
Education, high school or greater83 (444/538)81 (292/361)0.53
Annual household income, ≥$20,00053 (275/522)57 (196/345)0.23
Use insulin44 (245/556)36 (132/368)0.01
No. of comorbid conditions (range 0–13)*1.3 ± 1.3 (516)1.3 ± 1.3 (346)0.73
    034 (174)33 (114)0.81
    129 (149)28 (96)0.72
    ≥237 (193)39 (136)0.57
Health status, fair or poor55 (299/543)33 (122/368)0.0001
CES-D 10 score ≥1049 (267/547)20 (72/362)0.0001
BMI (kg/m2)31.5 ± 6.429.5 ± 5.50.0001
Taking care of diabetes not a high priority right now (agree vs. neutral or disagree)20 (108/547)21 (77/369)0.68
Amount of painNA
    None to moderate68 (374/548)
    Severe or very severe32 (174/458)
Use pain medication78 (428/552)NA
  • Data are means ± SD or % (n). NA, not applicable.

  • *

    * Number of comorbid conditions based on medical record data and includes 13 conditions: congestive heart failure, dementia, chronic pulmonary disease, connective tissue disease, ulcer disease, hemiplegia, leukemia, lymphoma, liver disease, cancer, renal disease, peripheral vascular disease, cerebrovascular disease, and cardiovascular disease (excluding hypertension or dyslipidemia) (21).

  • A score ≥10 is considered probable depression (i.e., positive screen).