Table 2

Baseline comorbidities

CharacteristicFull cohort
(N = 122,781)New-onset cohort*
(N = 18,684)
Hypertension103,171 (84.0)13,800 (73.9)
Hyperlipidemia96,938 (79.0)13,469 (72.1)
Cardiovascular disease25,115 (20.5)2,161 (11.6)
Diabetic retinopathy20,305 (16.5)724 (3.9)
Diabetic neuropathy23,806 (19.4)1,877 (10.1)
Congestive heart failure8,289 (6.8)724 (3.9)
  • Data are expressed as n (%).

  • *New-onset diabetes defined as <2 years since diagnosis.