Table 1—

Baseline characteristics* by alcohol consumption categories in 16,330 Dutch women

Alcohol consumption (g/week)
Teetotaler0–4.95–29.930–69.970–139.9140–209.9≥210
Participants (n)1,5133,1153,7872,5862,3841,6291,316
Age (years)59 ± 659 ± 658 ± 657 ± 657 ± 657 ± 656 ± 6
BMI (kg/m2)26.926.626.225.825.125.325.3
Waist circumference (cm)85.284.883.682.881.882.683.5
Beer (g/day)000.10.40.81.02.6
Wine (g/day)00.11.23.66.310.917.8
Fortified wine (g/day)00.10.51.74.38.713.9
Spirits (g/day)000.31.02.33.58.7
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)135.4132.7131.6131.1130.1132.0134.3
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)79.578.778.278.277.578.980.2
Current smoker (%)18.221.317.218.623.933.043.6
Past smoker (%)14.830.631.739.743.241.338.8
Hypertension (%)23.422.419.517.815.417.018.6
Hypercholesterolemia (%)6.46.65.64.64.54.84.4
Mean daily energy intake (kcal)1,7371,7321,7651,8161,8341,8421,939
Physical activity level†,5.55.96.87.67.57.26.8
Family history type 2 diabetes (%)23.222.921.621.419.919.416.3
Postmenopausal (%)83.985.984.081.881.681.782.6
Higher education (%),§8.211.716.623.729.429.434.8
  • Data are means ± SD

  • *

    * All characteristics are age-adjusted except age.

  • P value ≤0.001 between alcohol intake categories.

  • Arbitrary units.

  • §

    § Higher education was defined as having finished higher secondary school or completing bachelor’s or higher degree.