Table 1—

Clinical characteristics of diabetic subjects with narrow and wide PP

Diabetic subjects
P
With a narrow PPWith a wide PP
n17058
Follow-up period (months)107 ± 4179 ± 46<0.001
Age (years)45 ± 1151 ± 8<0.001
Sex (M/F)115/5543/15NS
BMI (kg/m2)24.4 ± 4.624.2 ± 4.1NS
Hypertensive subjects (%)1678<0.001
Current smokers (%)3643NS
Duration of diabetes (years)6.1 ± 5.88.3 ± 6.50.015
HbA1c (%)9.4 ± 2.58.6 ± 2.2NS
Insulin use (%)2333NS
Serum creatinine (μmol/l)70.7 ± 23.089.3 ± 42.40.003
Serum total cholesterol (mmol/l)5.04 ± 1.195.48 ± 1.450.043
Serum triglyceride (mmol/l)*2.13 ± 0.282.18 ± 0.22NS
Lipid ratio (total/HDL cholesterol)5.11 ± 2.046.15 ± 2.40<0.01
sBP (mmHg)
    24 h115 ± 12143 ± 16<0.001
    Daytime117 ± 13144 ± 16<0.001
    Nighttime110 ± 13141 ± 19<0.001
dBP (mmHg)
    24 h72 ± 980 ± 11<0.001
    Daytime73 ± 1081 ± 12<0.001
    Nighttime68 ± 978 ± 12<0.001
PP (mmHg)
    24 h43 ± 563 ± 9<0.001
    Daytime44 ± 663 ± 9<0.001
    Nighttime42 ± 663 ± 11<0.001
Pulse rate (bpm)
    24 h72 ± 972 ± 11NS
    Daytime76 ± 975 ± 11NS
    Nighttime64 ± 1065 ± 12NS
Nocturnal fall in sBP (mmHg)−7 ± 9−3 ± 12<0.05
Nondipper (%)6467NS
  • Data are means ± SD, unless otherwise indicated.

  • *

    * This variable was log transformed.