Table 1—

Patient baseline characteristics

Missing (test/control)PACCTSUsual care
n394197
Age (years)0/067 (29–91)67 (22–88)
Sex (male)0/0227 (58)114 (58)
BMI (kg/m2)94/4830.2 (18.3–57.5)30.3 (22.4–57.7)
Duration of diabetes (years)13/36 (1–39)6 (1–35)
Carstairs Deprivation 4 & 5*0/0335 (85)167 (85)
Baseline treatment
    Lifestyle0/095 (24)45 (23)
    One OHA0/0115 (29)58 (30)
    Two OHAs0/092 (23)58 (30)
    Insulin with or without OHA0/092 (23)35 (18)
HbA1c (%)0/07.9 (5.2–15.1)8.0 (4.8–14.9)
  • Data are means (range) or n (%).

  • *

    * Carstairs V: Deprivation indices: their interpretation and use in relation to health. J Epidemiol Community Health 49 (Suppl 2):S3–S8, 1995.

  • OHAs: metformin, sulphonylurea, or thiazolidinedione.