Table 2—

Complications in pregnancy and perinatal outcome

Type 2 diabetesType 1 diabetesP
n61240
Complications in pregnancy
    Pregnancy-induced hypertension6 (10)12 (5)0.22
    Preeclampsia4 (7)30 (13)0.26
    Caesarean delivery22 (36)123 (51)0.04
Perinatal outcome
    Congenital malformations4 (6.6)7 (2.9)0.24
    Perinatal mortality4 (6.7)4 (1.7)0.05
    Gestational age (weeks)*38.0 (37–39)37.3 (36–38)0.03
    Birth <34 weeks’ gestation*8 (14)17 (7)0.19
    Birth <37 weeks’ gestation*18 (31)87 (38)0.29
    Birth weight (g)*3,600 (3,095–3,990)3,595 (3,064–3,925)0.79
    Large for gestational age*33 (56)117 (51)0.54
    Small for gestational age*1 (2)9 (4)0.35
    Birth weight >4,500 g*5 (8)11 (5)0.27
    Neonatal jaundice*13 (22)40 (18)0.35
    Respiratory difficulties*12 (20)52 (23)0.79
  • Data are medians (interquartile range) or n (%).

  • *

    * The total of live-born singleton infants was 59 for type 2 diabetes and 228 for type 1 diabetes.