Table 1—

Characteristics of 1,765 patients cared for in 44 clinics from 30 U.S. academic medical centers

General medicineDiabetes/endocrinologyP value
n27 clinics/1,175 patients17 clinics/590 patients
Age (years)57.9 ± 12.754.0 ± 15.9<0.001
Women719 (61.2)322 (54.6)0.008
Race
    Caucasian/white350 (29.8)302 (51.2)<0.001
    African American457 (38.9)157 (26.6)
    Hispanic236 (20.1)40 (6.8)
    Other132 (11.2)91 (15.4)
English fluency875 (74.5)433 (73.4)0.6
Primary insurer
    Medicare369 (31.4)195 (33.1)<0.001
    Managed care258 (22.0)114 (19.3)
    Private106 (9.0)140 (23.7)
    Self-pay179 (15.2)51 (8.6)
    Medicaid126 (10.7)61 (10.3)
    Other137 (11.7)24 (4.9)
Type 2 diabetes1,072 (91.5)436 (73.9)<0.001
Glycemic therapy
    Diet/exercise only114 (9.7)16 (2.7)<0.001
    Oral medications only683 (56.1)178 (30.2)
    Any insulin use378 (32.2)396 (67.1)
CAD967 (82.3)463 (78.5)0.06
Obesity492 (41.9)184 (31.2)<0.001
  • Data are means ± SD or n (%). General clinics include internal medicine, family practice, and primary care practices; specialty clinics include diabetes and endocrinology practices.