Table 1—

Effect of health insurance coverage on the utilization of conventional health care, CAM, and self-medication by insurance status (insured = 1 vs. uninsured = 0)

Visited doctor
Visited CAM provider
Self-medicated
Number of doctor visits
Number of visits to CAM providers
OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)DC (95% CI)DC (95% CI)
Unadjusted1.43 (0.88–2.35)0.56 (0.32–0.99)*0.34 (0.20–0.58)2.34 (0.95–3.72)−0.37 (−0.79 to 0.04)
Adjusted for demographic/ socioeconomic/contextual variables1.45 (0.87–2.45)0.58 (0.31–1.08)0.46 (0.26–0.79)1.83 (0.46–3.20)−0.23 (−0.51 to 0.06)
Adjusted for demographic/ socioeconomic/contextual variables and comorbidities1.41 (0.83–2.38)0.56 (0.30–1.03)0.46 (0.28–0.79)1.84 (0.47–3.2)−0.23 (−0.48 to 0.02)
  • *

    * P < 0.05,

  • P < 0.01. DC, discrete change.