Table 2—

Healing times in common offloading modalities

Offloading modalityMean healing time (days)Type of study% healedType of woundRef.
TCCForefoot ulcers: 30; rearfoot-midfoot ulcers: 63Retrospective cohort*90Wagner 1, 218
TCCForefoot ulcers: 31; rearfoot-midfoot ulcers: 42Retrospective cohort*Wagner 1, 2, 34
TCC40Retrospective cohort*94Wagner 1, 224
TCC38Retrospective cohort*73Wagner 1, 2, 33
TCC44Retrospective cohort*82Wagner 1, 26
TCCMidfoot ulcers: 28Retrospective cohort*100Wagner 1, 223
TCC34RCT90UT 1A9
RCW5065
Half-shoe6158
TCC42RCT90Wagner 1, 27
Shoe-insole6532
Removable cast boot48RCT35UT 1A16
Fiberglass cast shoe34Retrospective cohort91Wagner 119
Fiberglass castRCT50Wagner 120
Shoe21
Scotch cast boot112, 181Retrospective cohort*80Wagner 1, 2, 325
Windowed fiberglass cast69Prospective cohort*81UT 2A21
Half-shoe13470UT 1A21
Half-shoe70Prospective cohort*96Wagner 1, 2, 3, 427
Custom splint300Retrospective cohort*22
Felted foam dressing75RCT§Wagner 1, 226
Half-shoe85
TCC48Prospective cohort92Wagner 1, 2, 328
Padded dressing3693
Healing shoe4281
Walking splint5183
  • *

    * Percentage healed in no specified time;

  • percentage healed in 12 weeks;

  • percentage healed in 30 days;

  • §

    § percentage healed in 10 weeks. RCT, randomized clinical trial. UT, University of Texas.