Table 1—

Subject characteristics

Lean
Obese, nondiabetic
Obese, type 2 diabetes
BaselinePost-trainingBaselinePosttrainingBaseline*Posttraining
Age (years)47.5 ± 6.747.1 ± 8.151.0 ± 8.0
Body weight (kg)73.9 ± 6.673.5 ± 6.697.6 ± 8.997.2 ± 8.993.5 ± 7.692.7 ± 8.5
BMI (kg/m2)24.5 ± 1.324.3 ± 1.232.4 ± 1.632.2 ± 1.729.9 ± 3.229.1 ± 2.2
Total skeletal muscle (kg)27.7 ± 3.528.0 ± 3.332.9 ± 3.933.3 ± 4.132.7 ± 3.933.5 ± 4.4
Total fat (kg)20.7 ± 3.919.5 ± 3.935.8 ± 4.2§33.8 ± 4.430.1 ± 4.527.2 ± 3.4
Visceral fat (kg)2.0 ± 0.91.8 ± 0.84.0 ± 0.93.4 ± 0.83.8 ± 0.92.9 ± 0.9
Peak Vo2 (ml/kg/min)42.6 ± 5.853.1 ± 3.732.7 ± 3.539.3 ± 4.033.0 ± 4.444.3 ± 5.0
Fasting glucose (mmol)4.6 ± 0.44.7 ± 0.44.8 ± 0.64.6 ± 0.47.9 ± 2.2**7.4 ± 2.3**
  • Data are means ± SD.

  • *

    * n = 8;

  • n = 7;

  • P < 0.05 vs. the lean group;

  • §

    § P < 0.05 vs. the type 2 diabetic group;

  • significant within-group differences (baseline vs. posttraining), P < 0.05;

  • P < 0.05 vs. the lean group;

  • **

    ** P < 0.05 vs. the lean and obese groups.