Table 2—

Characteristics of the study population (EDC) aged ≥18 years at baseline (1986–1988) and exam 6 (1996–1998)

BaselineExam 6
n592402
Age (years)29.1 ± 6.837.4 ± 8.0
Duration (years)20.4 ± 7.129.1 ± 7.6
Sex (% male)49.2 (291)50.6 (206)
Income (% >$20,000)81.6 (386)79.6 (300)
Education (% more than high school)63.2 (354)69.4 (121)
Saw physician in previous year (% yes)82.1 (449)91.6 (340)
Health insurance (% yes)92.5 (371)94.2 (376)
Hypertension (% positive)*18.8 (106)35.3 (140)
    Age 18–29 years10.3 (32)13.4 (10)
    Age 30–39 years28.4 (59)32.4 (57)
    Age >40 years34.1 (59)49.3 (73)
Mean systolic blood pressure (mmHg)114.9 ± 16.2118.1 ± 18.2
Mean diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)73.7 ± 11.070.7 ± 10.9
Hypercholesterolemia (% positive)*26.3 (135)39.8 (142)
    Age 18–29 years17.3 (51)29.2 (19)
    Age 30–39 years37.1 (69)32.7 (52)
    Age >40 years36.6 (15)53.4 (71)
Mean LDL cholesterol (mg/dl)118.3 ± 35.1117.6 ± 32.2
Complications (% positive)
CAD8.3 (49)22.1 (90)
LEAD8.0 (47)14.4 (57)
PR34.8 (203)51.0 (204)
ON28.7 (170)23.3 (95)
DSP31.4 (185)36.4 (146)
  • Data are percent (n) or means ± SD.

  • *

    * See Table 1 for definitions.