Table 1—

Baseline demographics and laboratory values by diabetes type and all-cause mortality

CharacteristicType 1 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes
SurvivorsNonsurvivorsSurvivorsNonsurvivors
n1,3241201,681586
Age (years)33.0 ± 10.241.4 ± 11.8*54.4 ± 8.858.8 ± 6.7*
Sex (female)38.134.247.446.6
Race (white)93.881.7*64.868.9
Duration of diabetes (years)18.1 ± 6.219.4 ± 7.213.5 ± 6.814.5 ± 7.2*
BMI (kg/m2)23.4 ± 3.423.7 ± 4.028.8 ± 5.629.2 ± 6.2
HbA1c (%)10.0 ± 1.910.5 ± 2.89.4 ± 2.29.6 ± 2.3
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)127 ± 18137 ± 24*145 ± 22148 ± 23*
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)80 ± 1081 ± 1284 ± 1084 ± 11
Total cholesterol (mg/dl)212 ± 48248 ± 71*232 ± 50253 ± 75*
Triglycerides (mg/dl)124 ± 119183 ± 213*196 ± 209241 ± 292*
Fibrinogen (mg/dl)262 ± 64306 ± 87*308 ± 77341 ± 98*
Cigarette smoking
    Never46.830.8*52.546.6
    Former21.225.030.734.5
    Current32.044.216.818.9
Alcohol consumption
    Never41.555.0*69.470.3
    <1/day47.541.725.524.7
    ≥1/day10.93.35.15.0
Diuretic use9.818.3*31.944.0*
Daily use of insulin99.910073.075.6
Hypoglycemic use0.2023.922.2
Antihypertensive use4.810.8*24.230.2*
Assigned to aspirin treatment48.944.251.749.0
  • Data are means ± SD or percent.

  • *

    * Significantly different at P ≤ 0.01; categorical and continuous variables were compared within each type of diabetes using the χ2 and Student’s t test, respectively;

  • significantly different at P ≤ 0.05.