Table 1—

Baseline characteristics and age-standardized total and cardiovascular mortality rate according to physical activity levels among Finnish participants with type 2 diabetes

Physical activity
P
LowModerateHigh
n7091,2471,752
Age (years)54.3 ± 9.251.8 ± 10.247.7 ± 9.9<0.001
BMI (kg/m2)31.2 ± 6.029.8 ± 5.029.4 ± 4.8<0.001
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)155 ± 25155 ± 25153 ± 230.048
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)93 ± 1493 ± 1492 ± 130.179
Total cholesterol (mmol/l)6.6 ± 1.56.5 ± 1.36.5 ± 1.30.688
Education (year)6.9 ± 3.27.6 ± 3.67.7 ± 3.3<0.001
Current smoking (%)31.828.525.10.002
Numbers of deaths
    Total399472552
    CVD264304338
Person-years10,94021,43736,781
Mortality rate/10,000 person-years*
    Total294179156
    CVD1879691
  • Data are means ± SD unless otherwise indicated and are adjusted for age, sex, and study year. Age-standardized mortality rate was calculated using a European standard population by 10-year age intervals.