Table 3—

Total and cardiovascular mortality according to joint levels of physical activity, BMI, blood pressure, total cholesterol level, and smoking among Finnish participants with type 2 diabetes

VariableHR (95% CI)
Total mortality
Cardiovascular mortality
Active*Inactive*Active*Inactive*
BMI
    Tertile 11.001.89 (1.50–2.39)1.001.74 (1.28–2.37)
    Tertile 20.97 (0.84–1.13)1.61 (1.30–1.99)1.01 (0.83–1.23)1.68 (1.29–2.18)
    Tertile 31.15 (0.99–1.35)2.08 (1.72–2.51)1.21 (1.00–1.46)2.23 (1.76–2.81)
Diastolic blood pressure
    Tertile 11.001.99 (1.58–2.51)1.002.05 (1.53–2.74)
    Tertile 20.99 (0.83–1.17)1.56 (1.26–1.95)0.96 (0.78–1.20)1.55 (1.17–2.04)
    Tertile 31.25 (1.06–1.47)2.34 (1.90–2.88)1.35 (1.10–1.66)2.45 (1.89–3.16)
Systolic blood pressure
    Tertile 11.002.09 (1.65–2.66)1.002.36 (1.74–3.22)
    Tertile 21.05 (0.89–1.24)1.84 (1.46–2.31)1.18 (0.95–1.48)1.87 (1.38–2.52)
    Tertile 31.44 (1.23–1.68)2.37 (1.94–2.89)1.72 (1.40–2.12)2.85 (2.21–3.67)
Total cholesterol§
    Tertile 11.001.66 (1.32–2.09)1.001.66 (1.24–2.23)
    Tertile 20.92 (0.79–1.09)1.89 (1.53–2.35)0.99 (0.80–1.22)1.94 (1.48–2.54)
    Tertile 31.08 (0.92–1.26)1.78 (1.45–2.18)1.19 (0.97–1.46)2.01 (1.56–2.58)
Smoking status
    Never1.001.97 (1.68–2.30)1.001.89 (1.56–2.29)
    Former1.07 (0.89–1.30)1.62 (1.19–2.20)1.05 (0.83–1.34)1.75 (1.22–2.51)
    Current1.61 (1.36–1.89)2.53 (2.01–3.19)1.43 (1.16–1.77)2.22 (1.65–2.99)
  • *

    * Inactivity was defined as low physical activity, and active was defined as moderate or high physical activity;

  • adjusted for age, sex, study year, education, systolic blood pressure, total cholesterol level, and smoking;

  • adjusted for age, sex, study year, education, BMI, total cholesterol, and smoking;

  • §

    § adjusted for age, sex, study year, education, BMI, systolic blood pressure, and smoking;

  • adjusted for age, sex, study year, education, BMI, systolic blood pressure, and total cholesterol.