Table 1—

Baseline characteristics and dietary intakes according to plasma adiponectin level

Plasma adiponectin quintiles
Q1 (n = 162)Q2 (n = 162)Q3 (n = 150)Q4 (n = 160)Q5 (n = 145)
Adiponectin (μg/ml)7.2 (<9.3)10.8 (9.3–12.5)14.2 (12.5–16.3)18.5 (16.4–21.3)26.5 (≥21.5)
Age (years)53 ± 855 ± 855 ± 957 ± 758 ± 8
BMI (kg/m2)28.4 ± 4.228.5 ± 3.728.0 ± 4.227.4 ± 4.026.1 ± 3.6
Current smoker (%)7.513.513.213.214.0
Alcohol consumption (g/day)8.2 ± 13.411.0 ± 18.98.7 ± 14.313.8 ± 19.012.1 ± 15.9
Physical activity (h/week)13.7 ± 23.114.3 ± 16.514.4 ± 21.214.5 ± 18.814.8 ± 15.8
Family history of myocardial infarction (%)17.914.211.39.48.3
History of hypertension (%)37.637.036.731.227.6
History of hypercholesterolemia (%)20.414.212.013.712.4
Current aspirin use (%)30.929.633.334.431.0
Insulin use (%)10.58.617.320.029.7
HbA1c (%)7.27.47.37.57.2
Diet
    Total fat (% of energy)32.5 ± 5.133.3 ± 5.433.4 ± 5.833.0 ± 5.032.3 ± 5.5
    Saturated fat (% of energy)10.9 ± 2.111.3 ± 2.311.3 ± 2.411.2 ± 2.410.9 ± 2.3
    Polyunsaturated fat (% of energy)6.0 ± 1.36.0 ± 1.36.0 ± 1.35.9 ± 1.25.8 ± 1.2
    Monounsaturated fat (% of energy)12.6 ± 2.212.9 ± 2.313.0 ± 2.512.9 ± 2.112.6 ± 2.5
    Trans-fat (% of energy)1.4 ± 0.51.4 ± 0.41.4 ± 0.41.4 ± 0.41.3 ± 0.4
    Cholesterol (mg/day)301 ± 103304 ± 111304 ± 121318 ± 121297 ± 141
    Total protein (% of energy)19.4 ± 2.819.1 ± 2.619.2 ± 2.719.2 ± 2.719.0 ± 2.6
    Carbohydrate (% of energy)47.3 ± 6.546.0 ± 6.346.6 ± 7.045.4 ± 6.947.0 ± 7.0
    Total fiber (g/day)21.7 ± 5.921.6 ± 5.921.9 ± 6.022.2 ± 5.923.7 ± 6.4
    Cereal fiber (g/day)6.3 ± 2.66.3 ± 2.66.4 ± 3.16.8 ± 3.47.1 ± 3.1
    Fruit fiber (g/day)4.8 ± 2.64.7 ± 2.74.6 ± 2.64.5 ± 2.25.5 ± 2.8
    Vegetable fiber (g/day)7.3 ± 2.97.4 ± 2.97.1 ± 3.17.5 ± 2.97.6 ± 3.2
    Magnesium (mg/day)373 ± 64368 ± 69368 ± 69385 ± 68380 ± 37
Glycemic index53.0 ± 2.852.5 ± 2.752.6 ± 2.952.5 ± 2.552.0 ± 2.7
Glycemic load125 ± 19121 ± 19123 ± 21119 ± 21122 ± 20
  • Dataaremedian(range)ormeans±SD.