Table 1—

Clinical characteristics and metabolic data of patients with NGT, IGT, and diabetes

TotalNGTIGTDiabetesP value
n134715013
Age (years)59.5 ± 9.856.9 ± 9.962.1 ± 8.9*63.6 ± 8.90.005
Sex
    Male114 (85)61 (86)40 (80)13 (100)0.189
    Female20 (15)10 (14)10 (20)0
Acute myocardial infarction89 (66)51 (72)31 (62)7 (54)0.318
Unstable angina pectoris45 (34)20 (28)19 (38)6 (46)
Hypertension82 (61)38 (54)32 (71)12 (92)0.027
Hyperlipidemia95 (71)49 (69)36 (72)10 (77)0.827
Smoking88 (66)46 (65)33 (66)9 (69)0.951
Obesity39 (29)21 (30)12 (24)6 (46)0.495
Family history35 (26)23 (32)7 (14)5 (38)0.118
BMI (kg/m2)23.5 ± 3.223.6 ± 3.423.4 ± 2.824.6 ± 3.60.366
Total cholesterol (mmol/l)5.44 ± 1.015.42 ± 1.045.49 ± 0.925.40 ± 1.240.919
Triglycerides (mmol/l)1.52 ± 0.691.56 ± 0.721.48 ± 0.701.50 ± 0.510.827
HDL (mmol/l)1.18 ± 0.361.20 ± 0.391.18 ± 0.301.07 ± 0.360.883
LDL (mmol/l)3.55 ± 0.953.49 ± 0.913.62 ± 0.883.64 ± 1.380.723
FPG (mmol/l)5.15 ± 0.584.94 ± 0.395.22 ± 0.55*6.04 ± 0.690.0001
HbA1c (%)5.4 ± 0.45.3 ± 0.45.4 ± 0.45.7 ± 0.3*0.001
Fasting insulin (pmol/l)39 ± 2339 ± 2639 ± 2136 ± 160.897
HOMA-IR1.50 ± 0.961.45 ± 1.031.51 ± 0.881.64 ± 0.920.839
Insulinogenic index (pmol/mmol)90 ± 97107 ± 7084 ± 13229 ± 190.071
Number of stenosed vessels1.30 ± 0.781.13 ± 0.681.44 ± 0.801.77 ± 0.930.008
  • Data are means ± SD or n (%). P value based on ANOVA or χ2.

  • *

    * P < 0.01,

  • P < 0.05,

  • P < 0.001 vs. NGT group.