Table 1—

Patient characteristics according to DRS classes

Overall sampleDRS
Score 0–3Score 4–8Score 9–12Score 13–20P
n1,37749447655226
Men712 (51.7)26 (53.1)240 (53.7)336 (51.3)110 (48.7)0.7
Age (years)62.4 ± 5.362.6 ± 5.362.0 ± 5.362.6 ± 5.362.9 ± 5.30.1
BMI
    Men28.2 ± 6.423.4 ± 1.225.6 ± 2.229.4 ± 8.330.8 ± 3.8<0.0001
    Women27.3 ± 4.621.1 ± 2.424.4 ± 2.728.1 ± 3.931.6 ± 4.7<0.0001
Waist circumference (cm)
    Men100.6 ± 11.787.3 ± 5.993.3 ± 9.9104.0 ± 9.5109.3 ± 10.7<0.0001
    Women91.8 ± 12.173.0 ± 5.283.1 ± 8.595.1 ± 9.4102.1 ± 11.1<0.0001
Triglycerides (mmol/l)1.54 ± 0.871.23 ± 0.511.44 ± 0.781.58 ± 0.921.69 ± 0.91<0.0001
Total cholesterol (mmol/l)5.8 ± 0.985.80 ± 0.945.92 ± 0.935.84 ± 1.025.68 ± 0.970.03
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l)1.42 ± 0.361.52 ± 0.401.48 ± 0.371.40 ± 0.361.33 ± 0.32<0.0001
LDL cholesterol (mmol/l)3.72 ± 0.873.72 ± 0.863.77 ± 0.843.73 ± 0.903.60 ± 0.840.1
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)138.3 ± 15.1126.4 ± 19.2133.9 ± 13.2141.2 ± 15.0141.0 ± 15.1<0.0001
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)84.0 ± 7.880.3 ± 6.282.0 ± 7.585.1 ± 7.685.6 ± 8.0<0.0001
Blood glucose (mmol/l)
    Fasting6.07 ± 1.195.66 ± 0.535.77 ± 0.926.09 ± 1.056.71 ± 1.78<0.0001
    2 h postload7.70 ± 3.046.63 ± 1.806.74 ± 2.167.81 ± 2.909.53 ± 4.11<0.0001
Waist circumference
    Men ≥102 cm; women ≥88 cm680 (49.4)074 (16.6)419 (64.0)187 (82.7)<0.0001
Cardiovascular risk factors
    Hypertension835 (60.8)8 (16.3)173 (38.8)468 (71.8)186 (82.3)<0.0001
    Dyslipidemia925 (67.5)41 (83.7)325 (73.0)409 (62.7)150 (66.7)0.0003
    Smoking288 (20.9)9 (18.4)120 (26.9)121 (18.5)38 (16.8)0.003
    Family history (CV events)171 (12.4)8 (16.3)52 (11.6)90 (13.7)21 (9.3)0.3
    Left ventricular hypertrophy123 (8.9)1 (2.0)21 (4.7)67 (10.2)34 (15.0)<0.0001
Glucose metabolism
    NGT621 (45.1)29 (59.2)268 (60.0)269 (41.1)55 (24.3)
    IFG212 (15.4)7 (14.3)68 (15.2)112 (17.1)25 (11.1)
    IGT153 (11.1)8 (16.3)42 (9.4)78 (11.9)25 (11.1)<0.0001
    IGT + IFG152 (11.0)3 (6.1)38 (8.5)79 (12.1)32 (14.2)
    Type 2 diabetes239 (17.4)2 (0.8)31 (7.0)117 (17.9)89 (39.4)
Number of components of metabolic syndrome*
    0123 (8.9)19 (38.8)83 (18.6)17 (2.6)4 (1.8)
    1322 (23.4)19 (38.8)159 (35.6)127 (19.4)17 (7.5)
    2430 (31.2)10 (20.4)136 (30.4)227 (34.7)57 (25.2)<0.0001
    3309 (22.4)1 (2)49 (11.0)173 (26.4)86 (38.1)
    4130 (9.4)20 (4.5)73 (11.1)37 (16.4)
    563 (4.6)38 (5.8)25 (11.1)
Number of CV risk factors
    1596 (44.0)29 (61.7)234 (53.8)264 (40.7)69 (30.9)
    2561 (41.4)16 (34.0)157 (36.1)279 (43.0)109 (48.9)<0.0001
    3168 (12.4)2 (4.3)36 (8.3)91 (14.0)39 (17.5)
    ≥429 (2.1)8 (1.8)15 (2.3)6 (2.7)
  • Data are means ± SE or n (%).

  • *

    * According to the Adult Treatment Panel III criteria. NGT, normal glucose tolerance.