Table 1—

Anthropometric and metabolic characteristics of participants at baseline and follow-up, the MRC Ely study 1994–2003

Men (n = 246)
Women (n = 359)
BaselineFollow-upBaselineFollow-up
Age (years)53.3 ± 10.558.9 ± 10.6*53.1 ± 10.158.7 ± 10.2*
Height (cm)175.3 ± 6.8175.0 ± 6.7162.3 ± 6.1162.0 ± 6.2
Weight (kg)80.6 ± 10.681.2 ± 12.268.0 ± 12.669.5 ± 14.7*
BMI (kg/m2)26.2 ± 2.926.5 ± 3.5§25.8 ± 4.426.4 ± 6.2*
WHR0.94 ± 0.060.94 ± 0.070.79 ± 0.060.81 ± 0.07*
Body fat (%)23.0 ± 4.325.0 ± 4.6*36.5 ± 6.238.8 ± 6.7*
DBP (mmHg)76.9 ± 9.879.8 ± 10.0*73.3 ± 9.075.9 ± 9.4*
SBP (mmHg)125.8 ± 13.1130.8 ± 14.1*121.9 ± 14.2126.9 ± 15.6*
Triglycerides (mmol/l)1.32 ± 0.551.37 ± 0.701.13 ± 0.491.23 ± 0.63*
HDL (mmol/l)1.37 ± 0.351.34 ± 0.331.66 ± 0.411.62 ± 0.41§
Fasting insulin (mmol/l)37.0 (34.5–39.7)47.9 (44.6–51.3)*35.4 (33.4–37.5)42.9 (40.5–45.4)*
2-h glucose (mmol/l)5.0 (4.8–5.2)5.6 (5.3–5.8)*5.2 (5.0–5.4)5.6 (5.4–5.8)*
PAEE (kJ · FFM–1 · day–1)80.1 ± 43.570.1 ± 43.60
Vo2max (ml · FFM–1 · min–1)44.1 ± 9.242.0 ± 13.4#
  • Data are means ± SE and geometric mean (95% CI).

  • *

    * P < 0.001,

  • P < 0.05, and

  • §

    § P < 0.01 for baseline vs. follow-up.

  • P < 0.001,

  • #

    # P < 0.05 for women vs. men. DBP, diastolic blood pressure; SBP, systolic blood pressure.