Table 2—

Independent associations of baseline PAEE (kJ · FFM−1 · day−1) with fasting insulin, the subcomponents, and the summary variable, with (zMS) and without (zMS-Ob) the adiposity component of the metabolic syndrome 5.6 years later

Outcome (SD)PAEE β-coefficients (95% CI)
Insulin−0.002 (−0.0037 to −0.00053)*
BMI0.00004 (−0.00076 to 0.00084)
WHR0.00058 (−0.0006 to 0.0017)
2-h glucose−0.00008 (−0.0016 to 0.0015)
DBP−0.00086 (−0.0024 to 0.0007)
SBP−0.002 (−0.0037 to −0.00064)*
Triglycerides0.000088 (−0.0015 to 0.0015)
HDL0.00074 (−0.0005 to 0.002)
zMS−0.00085 (−0.00177 to −0.000068)
zMS-Ob−0.0011 (−0.0021 to −0.0006974)‡
  • Outcomes were expressed as standardized Z scores for analysis (n = 605). Data are are adjusted for age, sex, smoking, SES, aerobic fitness, and baseline phenotype. All variables except BMI and WHR are additionally adjusted for baseline percentage of body fat.

  • *

    * P < 0.01,

  • P < 0.05. DBP, diastolic blood pressure; SBP, systolic blood pressure.