Table 2—

Effects of physical activity counseling on energy expenditure (METs per hour per week), body weight; BMI; waist circumference; FPG; HBA1c; systolic and diastolic blood pressure; resting heart rate; serum total, LDL, and HDL cholesterol; serum triglycerides; and 10-year CHD risk in the entire group of 179 type 2 diabetic subjects

BasalChange
Energy expenditure (METs · h−1 · week−1)0.6 ± 0.226.0 ± 1.7 (21–28)*
Weight (kg)81.6 ± 0.8−1.3 ± 0.2 (−1.6 to −0.8)*
BMI (kg/m2)29.3 ± 0.2−0.4 (−0.6 to −0.3)*
Waist (cm)99.8 ± 0.8−2.7 (−3.4 to −2.1)*
FPG (mmol/l)9.1 ± 0.1*−0.8 (−1.0 to −0.7)*
HbA1c (%)7.6 ± 0.1−0.6 ± 0.1 (−0.7 to −0.5)*
Maximum blood pressure (mmHg)144 ± 1−5.4 ± 0.6 (−6.7 to −4.0)*
Minimum blood pressure (mmHg)87 ± 1−4.6 ± 1.0 (−5.7 to −3.5)*
Heart rate (bpm)79 ± 2−2.8 ± 0.5 (−3.5 to −2.2)*
Total cholesterol (mmol/l)5.6 ± 0.1−0.2 ± 0.1 (−0.3 to −0.1)*
LDL cholesterol (mmol/l)3.5 ± 0.1−0.2 ± 0.1 (−0.3 to −0.1)*
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l)1.0 ± 0.10.1 ± 0.1 (0.2–0.1)*
Triglycerides (mmol/l)2.3 ± 0.1−0.4 ± 0.1 (−0.5 to −0.4)*
10-year CHD risk (%)22.8 ± 0.7−2.7 ± 1.0 (−3.4 to −2.1)
  • Data are means ± SE and means (95% CI).

  • *

    * P < 0.01,

  • P < 0.05 vs. basal.