Table 1—

Characteristics of the study population

ControlNonneuropathicNeuropathic
n12910
Age (years)52 ± 1456 ± 851 ± 7
Sex (male/female)8/46/38/2
BMI (kg/m2)29.6 ± 6.932.0 ± 6.033.0 ± 4.7
Diabetes type (1/2)0/72/8
Diabetes duration (years)*6 ± 623 ± 12
Ankle brachial index1.1 ± 0.11.1 ± 0.10.9 ± 0.2
Neuropathy Symptom Score0 ± 02 ± 24 ± 2
NDS0 ± 02 ± 113 ± 8
VPT8 ± 313 ± 637 ± 16
SWM3.88 ± 0.364.08 ± 0.546.16 ± 0.77
  • Data are means ± SD.

  • *

    * P < 0.01 for nonneuropathic vs. neuropathic;

  • P < 0.01 for control and nonneuropathic vs. neuropathic;

  • P < 0.0001 for control and nonneuropathic vs. neuropathic.