Table 1

Baseline characteristics of study participants without diabetes, the CARDIA study, 2005–2006

N2,076
Age (years), mean (SD)45.3 (3.6)
Race, n (%)
 African American848 (40.9)
 White1,228 (59.1)
Sex, n (%)
 Female1,189 (57.3)
 Male887 (42.7)
Education ≤high school, n (%)475 (22.9)
BMI (kg/m2), mean (SD)28.7 (6.1)
Current smoker, n (%)371 (17.9)
SBP (mmHg), mean (SD)114.6 (14.1)
Use of blood pressure medications, n (%)283 (13.6)
Total cholesterol (mg/dL), mean (SD)187.2 (34.3)
HDL cholesterol (mg/dL), mean (SD)55.0 (16.8)
Fasting glucose (mg/dL), mean (SD)94.4 (9.4)
HbA1c, mean (SD)
  NGSP, %5.3 (0.4)
  IFCC, mmol/mol34 (4.4)
CAC present at baseline, n (%)383 (18.4)