Table 1—

Associations between demographic, lifestyle, and diabetes-related characteristics and erectile function

TotalNormal erectile functionMild erectile dysfunctionMild to moderate erectile dysfunctionModerate erectile dysfunctionSevere erectile dysfunctionP
n (%)1,040 (100)140 (13.5)216 (20.8)193 (18.5)178 (17.1)313 (30.1)
Patients’ characteristics
    Age (years)57.0 ± 11.847.6 ± 11.852.8 ± 11.357.3 ± 9.159.0 ± 10.262.6 ± 10.9<0.0001
    Region/country of birth
        Asia/Africa19.99.020.525.322.320.1
        Europe/America33.532.331.029.332.538.70.0078
        Israel46.658.648.445.445.241.2
    Currently employed*70.385.477.467.365.257.0<0.0001
    Blue-collar profession30.020.224.132.038.633.20.0044
    Number of pack-years (median)12.554.011.012.6516.517.50.0168
    Any alcohol consumption20.429.421.419.020.716.30.0361
    Physically active<0.0001
        None33.827.726.226.534.745.7
        Leisure time26.528.528.125.922.327.3
        At work16.215.318.120.114.713.8
        Both23.528.527.627.528.213.2
    BMI (kg/m2)28.5 ± 4.428.0 ± 4.128.5 ± 4.528.6 ± 4.528.5 ± 4.228.8 ± 4.50.50
Characteristics of diabetes and its     complications
    Median diabetes duration (years)8578912<0.0001
    Type 1 diabetes12.125.715.48.811.26.1<0.0001
    Current A1C (median)7.77.67.37.67.97.80.0176
    Any microvascular complications50.137.138.447.755.662.3<0.0001
    Ischemic heart disease20.05.111.420.922.030.6<0.0001
    CVD24.86.613.426.327.138.4<0.0001
  • Data are the means ± SD or %, unless otherwise indicated.

  • *

    * Patient’s age is <65 years;

  • 1 pack-year = smoking one pack of cigarettes per day for 1 year. One pack contains 20 cigarettes. BMI is calculated as body weight (kg) divided by height squared (m2).