Table 2—

Associations between hypertension, antihypertension therapy, hyperlipidemia, and erectile function

VariableTotalNormal erectile functionMild erectile dysfunctionMild to moderate erectile dysfunctionModerate erectile dysfunctionSevere erectile dysfunctionP
n (%)1,040 (100)140 (13.5)216 (20.8)193 (18.6)178 (17.1)313 (30.1)
Hypertension and antihypertension drug therapy
    Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)134.1 ± 18.8128.3 ± 15.3132.5 ± 18.9135.2 ± 19.5133.2 ± 17.2137.5 ± 20.00.0001
    Hypertension*440 (43.0)36 (26.5)81 (38.6)78 (40.6)77 (43.7)168 (54.4)<0.0001
    Subjects on diuretics103 (9.9)6 (4.3)19 (8.8)9 (4.7)14 (7.9)55 (17.6)<0.0001
    Subjects on β-adrenergic receptor blockers155 (14.9)5 (3.6)39 (18.1)27 (14.0)26 (14.6)58 (18.5)0.0007
    Subjects on Calcium channel antagonists164 (15.8)11 (7.9)26 (12.0)23 (11.9)28 (15.7)76 (24.3)<0.0001
    Subjects on ACE inhibitors or angiotensin receptor antagonists487 (46.8)50 (35.7)93 (43.1)93 (48.2)85 (47.7)166 (53.0)0.0102
Plasma lipid levels and hyperlipidemia
    Total cholesterol (mmol/l)4.9 ± 1.04.8 ± 0.94.9 ± 1.05.0 ± 1.15.0 ± 1.24.9 ± 1.00.64
    LDL cholesterol (mmol/l)3.0 ± 0.82.9 ± 0.82.9 ± 0.73.0 ± 0.92.9 ± 0.92.9 ± 0.80.81
    Triglyceride level (median) (mmol/l)1.71.31.51.81.81.90.0017
    HDL cholesterol (mmol/l)1.1 ± 0.31.1 ± 0.31.1 ± 0.31.1 ± 0.31.1 ± 0.31.1 ± 0.30.32
    Hyperlipidemia*56.145.251.456.059.362.30.0077
  • Data are the means ± SD, n (%), or %, unless otherwise indicated.

  • *

    * Physician diagnosed.