Table 2—

Percent of fundus severity scores >40 by baseline risk factor

Baseline risk factorQuartiles (lowest to highest)
Quartiles (grouped around the median)
12341–23–4P value*
Age221926222124NS
Duration of diabetes81628421235<0.01
Smoking242415152415<0.01
HbA1c171926281827<0.01
Fasting glucose201724241924<0.05
UACR141524381531<0.01
Systolic blood pressure162321292025<0.05
Diastolic blood pressure201927241925<0.05
Triglycerides252417232520<0.05
Total cholesterol232418232420<0.05
LDL cholesterol252120242322NS
HDL cholesterol212025242025NS
Fibrinogen182123292026<0.05
PAI-1233118212619<0.01
  • Data are percentage of patients who have fundus severity scores >40. For example, 8% of the patients in the lowest duration quartile have fundus scores >40 compared with 42% in the highest duration quartile.

  • *

    * All comparisons are between the percentages above the median compared with those below the median. UACR, urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio.