Table 5—

Ethnicity and diabetic retinopathy

EthnicityStudy (ref.)nMethodRetinopathy
HispanicsNHANES III (7)939Nonmydriatic photosIncreased
Colorado (11)2793-field photosDecreased
Colorado (11)1433-field photosEqual
Arizona (12)1,0443-field photosEqual
San Antonio (8)3137-field photosIncreased
VADT*1,2837-field photosIncreased
African AmericansMaryland (13)1,428Nonmydriatic photosEqual
Maryland (14)105Nonmydriatic photosIncreased
NHANES III (7)939Nonmydriatic photosEqual
VADT*1,2837-field photosIncreased
  • *

    * Current study.