Table 1—

Baseline characteristics of subjects included in the analysis

nIGnCMGP
Sex5553% male4564% male0.24*
Age (years)5510.3 (8.1, 15.0)459.7 (8.4, 11.8)0.33
Weight (kg)5532.6 (24.4, 55.1)4531.1 (25.7, 42.0)0.48
Weight Z-score550.17 (−0.49, 0.69)45−0.08 (−0.62, 0.74)0.55
Height (cm)54141.3 (121.9, 166.4)43136.8 (128.7, 151.1)0.45
Height Z-score540.34 (−0.29, 1.04)430.06 (−0.55, 0.96)0.20
BMI (kg/m2)5417.0 (15.2, 19.7)4317.0 (15.4, 19.1)0.81
BMI Z-score540.09 (−0.66, 0.43)430.01 (−0.60, 0.40)0.94
Tanner stage521 (1, 4)421 (1, 2)0.69*
HOMA-IR551.9 (1.7, 2.6)451.7 (1.3, 2.4)0.05
Impaired/indeterminate glucose tolerance§5527%4522%0.56*
  • Data are medians (25th percentile, 75th percentile) or %.

  • *

    * χ2 test.

  • t test.

  • Wilcoxon’s rank-sum test.

  • §

    § Indeterminate glucose tolerance defined as glucose ≥200 mg/dl at 30, 60, or 90 min but fasting plasma glucose <110 mg/dl and 120-min glucose <140 mg/dl during an OGTT (1).