Table 2—

Relative risks (RRs) and 95% CIs from proportional hazards model describing the relation between alcohol intake and type 2 diabetes incidence over 32 years

CovariatesVariables
Beer
Wine
Hard liquor
Alcohol (100 g/month)
RR95% CIRR95% CIRR95% CIRR95% CI
Age0.940.86–1.020.88*0.80–0.980.84*0.72–0.960.830.72–0.95
Age + heredity0.930.85–1.020.88*0.78–1.000.82*0.68–0.980.780.65–0.94
Age + BMI1.000.92–1.080.920.84–1.020.890.78–1.030.900.79–1.02
Age + WHR0.930.86–1.010.88*0.79–0.980.820.70–0.950.800.69–0.92
Age + smoking0.940.86–1.020.88*0.80–0.970.820.71–0.950.820.72–0.94
Age + systolic blood pressure0.950.88–1.030.90*0.82–1.000.86*0.75–1.000.85*0.74–0.97
Age + triglycerides0.950.88–1.030.90*0.81–0.990.85*0.73–0.980.84*0.74–0.97
Age + cholesterol0.940.87–1.020.89*0.80–0.980.84*0.73–0.970.830.73–0.95
Age + education0.950.87–1.030.90*0.81–0.990.85*0.73–0.980.84*0.73–0.97
Age + physical activity0.950.88–1.030.910.82–1.000.83*0.72–0.960.85*0.74–0.97
Age + social group0.960.88–1.040.920.83–1.030.86*0.74–0.990.86*0.75–0.99
Stepwise model: independent risk factors for diabetes incidence
P valueMaximum likelihood estimateSE of parameter estimate
Heredity0.040.470.23
BMI<0.00010.160.03
WHR<0.00019.342.01
Physical inactivity0.020.500.22
  • Independent risk factors for diabetes incidence according to the stepwise model.

  • *

    * P < 0.05;

  • P <0.01.