Table 1—

Definitions of the metabolic syndrome

ATP III definition (27,28)
    Any three or more of the following criteria:
    1) Waist circumference >102 cm in men and >88 cm in women
    2) Serum triglycerides ≥1.7 mmol/l
    3) Blood pressure ≥130/85 mmHg
    4) HDL cholesterol <1.0 mmol/l in men and <1.3 mmol/l in women
    5) Serum glucose ≥6.1 mmol/l (≥5.6 mmol/l may be applicable)
WHO definition (26)
    Diabetes, IFG, IGT, or insulin resistance (assessed by clamp studies) and at least two of the following criteria:
    1) Waist-to-hip ratio >0.90 in men or >0.85 in women
    2) Serum triglycerides ≥1.7 mmol/l or HDL cholesterol <0.9 mmol/l in men and <1.0 mmol/l in women
    3) Blood pressure ≥140/90 mmHg
    4) Urinary albumin excretion rate >20 μg/min or albumin-to-creatinine ratio ≥30 mg/g