Table 1—

Patient characteristics

n690
Female/male321/359
Age (years)62.7 ± 7.1
Duration (years)12.5 ± 9.4
BMI (kg/m2)23.0 ± 3.2
A1C (%)7.3 ± 1.5
Total cholesterol (mg/dl)198 ± 36.9
Triglycerides (mg/dl)147 ± 113
HDL cholesterol (mg/dl)53.7 ± 17.3
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)134 ± 14.9
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)77.2 ± 8.4
Smoking habit (0/1)*547/143
Average IMT (mm)1.06 ± 0.35
Previous myocardial infarction (no/yes)610/80
  • Data are means ± SD.

  • *

    * Smoking habit was evaluated as follows: value of 0 and 1 were assigned to subjects when the number of cigarettes per day × smoking years was <200 and ≥200, respectively.