Table 1—

Descriptive characteristics of the center-based resistance training and home-based resistance training groups at baseline (0 months)

CenterHome
Men/women14/1416/13
Age (years)60.5 ± 8.262.4 ± 8.3
Duration of diabetes (years)7.0 ± 4.18.3 ± 7.1
Number of people treated with
    Diet only23
    Single oral agent178
    Two or more oral agents918
Serum glucose and insulin
    Fasting glucose (mmol/l)9.0 ± 2.08.4 ± 1.9
    Fasting insulin (pmol/l)143.7 ± 66.1126.6 ± 55.1
    HOMA of insulin sensitivity46.9 ± 26.150.7 ± 24.6
    A1C (%)7.8 ± 0.97.5 ± 0.5
Anthropometry
    Weight (kg)92.6 ± 17.191.2 ± 13.6
    BMI (kg/m2)32.8 ± 4.832.4 ± 4.4
    Waist circumference (cm)105.6 ± 11.7107.4 ± 10.8
Body composition
    Fat mass (kg)37.6 ± 12.335.8 ± 10.0
    LBM (kg)55.0 ± 9.855.4 ± 10.5
Blood pressure
    Systolic (mmHg)131 ± 18.3130 ± 16.9
    Diastolic (mmHg)69 ± 9.770 ± 10.4
Muscle strength (kg)
    Upper body (kg)78.8 ± 43.978.3 ± 49.1
    Lower body (kg)29.9 ± 10.130.3 ± 12.0
  • Data are n or means ± SD. There were no differences between the groups.