Table 1—

Characteristics of 346 patients with type 2 diabetes according to achievement of LDL cholesterol target <2.5 mmol/l, at baseline and over 18 months of follow-up

CharacteristicsBaseline (cross-sectional data)
Over 18 months of follow-up
Originally not at target (n = 216)Originally at target (n = 130)
Not at target (n = 216)Already at target (n = 130)Adjusted odds ratio (95% CI)*Never at target (n = 195)Achieved target (n = 21)Adjusted odds ratio (95% CI)*Maintains target (n = 47)Lost target (n = 83)Adjusted odds ratio (95% CI)*
Age >60 years62501.8 (1.1–2.8)626266410.6 (0.4–0.9)
Female605262384359
High school or more2839224023482.4 (1.0–5.5)
Income >$40,000/year242722401733
Aboriginal262424192826
Current smoker162130102022
Median duration of diabetes (years)555755
HbA1c (%)7.1 ± 1.47.4 ± 1.77.1 ± 1.47.4 ± 1.27.3 ± 1.77.4 ± 1.7
BMI >27 kg/m2778479577788
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)132 ± 19129 ± 17131 ± 19134 ± 20129 ± 16130 ± 17
Total cholesterol (mmol/l)5.4 ± 0.84.1 ± 1.05.4 ± 0.83.6 ± 0.33.5 ± 0.44.8 ± 0.5
LDL cholesterol (mmol/l)3.3 ± 0.62.0 ± 1.43.4 ± 0.52.3 ± 0.22.2 ± 0.33.0 ± 0.3
Lipid-lowering therapy
    Taking14242.1 (1.2–3.6)23713018
    StartedNANANA13579.2 (3.5–24.0)95
    StoppedNANANA2044
  • Data are means ± SD or percent unless otherwise indicated.

  • *

    * All odds ratios adjusted for intervention status (P > 0.5, all analyses, see text) and those variables presented in the table that were significant at P < 0.05 in the relevant multivariable model. NA, not applicable; , not included in multivariable analyses.