Table 1—

Characteristics of participants in the ARIC study who did not have diabetes, dementia, or stroke at baseline

CharacteristicsnPercent
Demographics
    Age (years)7,14853.7 (mean)
    Sex
        Male3,17344.39
        Female3,97555.61
    Race
        White5,72980.15
        Nonwhite1,41919.85
    Marital status
        Married5,81981.41
        Divorced5728.00
        Widowed4496.28
        Separated1742.43
        Never married1341.87
    Education level
        Basic education (0–11 years)1,18416.58
        Intermediate education (12–16 years)3,05742.80
        Advanced education (17–21 years)2,90240.63
Diseases and expenses
    Hypertension2,87840.26
    No hypertension4,27059.74
    Hyperlipidemia3,81153.32
    No hyperlipidemia3,33746.68
    Depression score7,1472.18 (mean)
    Cigarette smoking status
        Never smoked3,22845.18
        Former smoker2,42433.93
        Current smoker19320.90
    Alcohol use status
        No alcohol use4,24359.36
        Alcohol use2,89440.49
    Measures of insulin resistance
        Baseline fasting insulin >12.2 mU/l1,90826.69
        Baseline fasting insulin <12.2 mU/l5,24073.30
        Baseline HOMA >2.62,60036.37
        Baseline HOMA <2.64,54863.63