Table 3—

Odds ratios of diabetes complications in multivariate logistic analysis

Dependent variablesIndependent variables of the multivariate models
Age at diagnosisDisease durationA1CLDL cholesterolMetabolic syndrome
Diagnosed according to AHA/NHLBI criteria
    Type 1 diabetes
        Retinopathy1.00 (0.41)1.08 (<0.0001)1.15 (0.033)1.00 (0.83)1.36 (0.15)
        Nephropathy0.99 (0.095)1.05 (<0.0001)1.04 (0.556)1.00 (0.368)3.00 (<0.0001)
        Neuropathy1.01 (0.069)1.08 (<0.0001)1.21 (0.015)1.00 (0.709)1.75 (0.021)
        Cardiovascular disease1.06 (<0.0001)1.09 (0.0001)1.11 (0.35)0.99 (0.46)1.72 (0.09)
    Type 2 diabetes
        Retinopathy1.00 (0.112)1.08 (<0.0001)1.16 (<0.0001)1.00 (0.185)1.41 (<0.0001)
        Nephropathy1.01 (0.001)1.05 (<0.0001)1.13 (<0.0001)1.00 (0.187)1.72 (<0.0001)
        Neuropathy1.01 (0.103)1.06 (<0.0001)1.18 (<0.0001)1.00 (0.970)1.24 (<0.0001)
        Cardiovascular disease1.03 (<0.0001)1.06 (<0.0001)1.09 (<0.0001)1.00 (0.046)1.50 (<0.0001)
Diagnosed according to IDF criteria
    Type 1 diabetes
        Retinopathy0.99 (0.296)1.08 (<0.0001)1.16 (0.029)1.00 (0.790)1.49 (0.057)
        Nephropathy0.99 (0.052)1.05 (<0.0001)1.06 (0.429)1.00 (0.345)3.07 (<0.0001)
        Neuropathy1.01 (0.096)1.08 (<0.0001)1.22 (0.012)1.00 (0.677)1.76 (0.020)
        Cardiovascular disease1.05 (<0.0001)1.09 (<0.0001)1.12 (0.331)1.00 (0.457)2.05 (0.030)
    Type 2 diabetes
        Retinopathy1.00 (0.092)1.08 (<0.0001)1.16 (<0.0001)1.00 (0.187)1.49 (<0.0001)
        Nephropathy1.01 (0.002)1.05 (<0.0001)1.13 (<0.0001)1.00 (0.197)1.82 (<0.0001)
        Neuropathy1.01 (0.109)1.06 (<0.0001)1.18 (<0.0001)1.00 (0.896)1.62 (0.0093)
        Cardiovascular disease1.03 (<0.0001)1.06 (<0.0001)1.09 (<0.0001)1.00 (0.033)1.87 (<0.0001)
  • Data are OR (P value). ORs calculated for a unitary increase of each independent variable, except for the metabolic syndrome, for which the ORs show the change in risk associated with its presence.