Table 2—

Hazard ratios for the different transitions

TransitionnPerson-yearsPhysical activityHazard ratio (95% CI)*Hazard ratio (95% CI)
Incident diabetes32970,115Low1.001.00
Moderate0.63 (0.48–0.82)0.62 (0.47–0.80)
High0.63 (0.49–0.83)0.60 (0.46–0.80)
No diagnosed diabetes to death1,59871,856Low1.001.00
Moderate0.81 (0.72–0.91)0.86 (0.76–0.96)
High0.61 (0.54–0.69)0.70 (0.61–0.79)
Diabetes to death2924,922Low1.001.00
Moderate0.72 (0.55–0.95)0.81 (0.61–1.07)
High0.47 (0.35–0.64)0.53 (0.39–0.72)
  • * Adjusted for age and sex.

  • Adjusted for age; sex; education; marital status; smoking; baseline diseases, such as cardiovascular disease, cancer, left ventricular hypertrophy, arthritis, ankle edema, or pulmonary disease; and exam of start follow-up.