Table 1—

Patient characteristics

CharacteristicDiabetes subgroup
Usual care (n = 214)Intervention (n = 204)
Female112 (52)111 (54)
Mean age (years)70.2 ± 0.570.1 ± 0.5
Married or living with partner103 (48)93 (46)
Ethnic group
    White136 (64)132 (65)
    African American39 (18)46 (23)
    Hispanic33 (15)21 (10)
    Other6 (3)5 (2)
At least high school graduate160 (75)150 (74)
Mean annual income (in $1000s)26.0 (1.7)27.5 (2.4)
Depression status (SCID diagnosis)
    Major depression27 (13)24 (12)
    Dysthymia61 (28)59 (29)
    Major depression and dysthymia126 (59)121 (59)
Mean HSCL-20 depression score (range 0–4) (±SE)1.7 ± 0.041.7 ± 0.01
Mean chronic disease score7.9 ± 0.37.5 ± 0.3
Mean duration of diabetes11.6 ± 0.710.5 ± 0.7
Diabetes treatment
    Diet only26 (12)36 (18)
    Oral hypoglycemic agents only110 (51)96 (47)
    Insulin only50 (23)46 (23)
    Oral hypoglycemic agents and insulin28 (13)26 (13)
Mean A1C level*7.3 ± 0.17.3 ± 0.1
  • Data are means ± SD or n (%), unless otherwise indicated.

  • *

    * n = 293 for A1C results: 147 usual care and 146 intervention. SCID, structured clinical interview for DSM-IV.