Table 2—

Acute (<24 h) medications*

Pharmacologic treatmentNondiabeticType 2 diabeticInsulin-dependent diabeticAOR (95% CI)
Type 2 diabeticInsulin-treated diabetic
n31,0499,7735,588
Aspirin (%)91.790.688.40.94 (0.87–1.02)0.83 (0.74–0.93)
β-Blockers (%)77.878.775.31.01 (0.95–1.08)0.89 (0.83–0.96)
Heparin (%)§83.282.377.91.02 (0.96–1.08)0.90 (0.83–0.98)
Glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor (%)37.432.225.10.99 (0.94–1.06)0.86 (0.79–0.93)
Clopidogrel (%)40.837.434.70.94 (0.89–0.99)0.97 (0.91–1.03)
  • * For patients without listed contraindications to the given medication.

  • Nondiabetic vs. type 2 diabetic.

  • Nondiabetic vs. insulin-treated diabetic. §Includes both unfractionated and low–molecular weight heparin.