Table 1—

Study participant characteristics with respect to fasting glucose level

NormalIFGNew diabetesKnown diabetes
Men
    n (%)1,576 (64.23)696 (26.23)106 (3.97)135 (5.57)
    Age (years)44.39 ± 15.7645.21 ± 14.1048.90 ± 13.8357.32 ± 11.68
    Height (cm)169.57 ± 6.41169.24 ± 6.32168.84 ± 6.33166.70 ± 6.21
    Weight (kg)67.07 ± 10.0669.31 ± 10.2570.97 ± 11.2367.72 ± 11.79
    Waist circumference (cm)83.17 ± 8.0785.38 ± 8.3288.47 ± 7.6987.33 ± 9.22
    Waist-to-hip ratio0.88 ± 0.060.89 ± 0.060.92 ± 0.060.93 ± 0.06
    Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)125.07 ± 17.51127.62 ± 17.24136.04 ± 21.95131.60 ± 17.18
    Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)79.46 ± 10.6781.31 ± 11.5183.58 ± 13.3181.28 ± 9.57
    BMI (kg/m2)23.29 ± 2.9824.17 ± 3.0924.85 ± 3.3624.28 ± 3.44
    Fasting blood glucose (mmol/l)4.89 ± 0.485.98 ± 0.368.08 ± 0.936.76 ± 1.41
    Total cholesterol (mmol/l)4.84 ± 0.895.04 ± 0.885.03 ± 1.024.95 ± 0.92
    HDL cholesterol (mmol/l)1.14 ± 0.271.14 ± 0.251.09 ± 0.241.05 ± 0.26
    LDL cholesterol (mmol/l)2.88 ± 0.823.03 ± 0.812.87 ± 0.912.95 ± 0.84
    Triglyceride (mmol/l)1.69 ± 0.931.89 ± 1.012.13 ± 1.072.08 ± 1.03
Women
    n (%)2,263 (68.39)801 (23.32)108 (3.23)159 (5.07)
    Age (years)42.83 ± 14.8247.51 ± 14.9052.66 ± 16.0462.41 ± 10.68
    Height (cm)157.00 ± 6.17155.63 ± 6.16154.16 ± 7.56152.45 ± 4.60
    Weight (kg)56.29 ± 8.0659.09 ± 9.3560.72 ± 12.2059.36 ± 7.95
    Waist circumference (cm)76.88 ± 9.1081.07 ± 9.8084.97 ± 9.8587.58 ± 9.09
    Waist-to-hip ratio0.83 ± 0.070.85 ± 0.070.89 ± 0.060.92 ± 0.08
    Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)116.65 ± 17.76123.90 ± 19.32131.79 ± 21.01138.41 ± 22.46
    Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)73.57 ± 10.8977.21 ± 11.4279.86 ± 10.8980.38 ± 11.30
    BMI (kg/m2)22.85 ± 3.1224.39 ± 3.5625.42 ± 4.0725.55 ± 3.30
    Fasting blood glucose (mmol/l)4.87 ± 0.475.95 ± 0.347.86 ± 0.857.10 ± 1.75
    Total cholesterol (mmol/l)4.76 ± 0.895.02 ± 0.915.32 ± 1.005.24 ± 0.88
    HDL cholesterol (mmol/l)1.27 ± 0.281.21 ± 0.261.17 ± 0.261.13 ± 0.26
    LDL cholesterol (mmol/l)2.89 ± 0.763.11 ± 0.793.31 ± 0.943.19 ± 0.74
    Triglyceride (mmol/l)1.30 ± 0.751.50 ± 0.801.80 ± 1.011.97 ± 1.00
  • Data are means ± SD or n (%).