Table 3—

ORs and 95% CIs for diabetes and IFG compared with normal glucose, as determined by polychotomous multiple logistic regression analysis using the generalized logit model

VariablesnDiabetes
IFG
OR (95% CI)P*OR (95% CI)P*
Age (per 10 years)5,8441.406 (1.233–1.604)0.965 (0.894–1.041)
Sex (female vs. male)
    Male2,5131.01.0
    Female3,3310.947 (0.606–1.481)1.039 (0.794–1.360)
BMI (per 5 kg/m2)5,8291.806 (1.420–2.296)1.482 (1.288–1.705)
SBP (per 10 mmHg)5,3711.283 (1.158–1.420)1.089 (1.013–1.171)
DBP (per 10 mmHg)5,3710.793 (0.673–0.935)1.013 (0.902–1.137)
Cholesterol (mmol/l)5,7941.111 (0.928–1.330)1.217 (1.103–1.343)
Triglyceride (mmol/l)5,6991.230 (1.035–1.463)1.001 (0.899–1.114)
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l)5,7950.474 (0.267–0.843)0.638 (0.453–0.898)
Residential area
    Urban area4,4351.01.0
    Rural area1,4090.982 (0.724–1.333)1.624 (1.364–1.935)
Education levels
    Less than high school2,1091.0<0.00011.00.0010
    High school2,1010.676 (0.461–0.992)0.977 (0.775–1.232)
    College or more1,4810.429 (0.267–0.690)0.756 (0.578–0.991)
Monthly income
    ≤506641.0<0.00011.0<0.0001
    51–1001,0081.072 (0.708–1.623)0.868 (0.644–1.170)
    101–2002,2990.842 (0.551–1.288)0.764 (0.579–1.008)
    201–3001,0220.995 (0.598–1.655)0.895 (0.648–1.237)
    ≥3005241.176 (0.645–2.141)0.859 (0.601–1.227)
Alcohol consumption
    None2,8381.0<0.00011.0<0.0001
    Current drinker1,5701.063 (0.734–1.540)1.035 (0.851–1.258)
    Risk drinker4571.412 (0.786–2.537)0.925 (0.677–1.264)
    High-risk drinker3682.374 (1.452–3.882)1.597 (1.123–2.271)
Smoking
    None3,3811.00.13711.00.4795
    Ex-smoker4891.028 (0.600–1.760)1.121 (0.775–1.622)
    Current smoker1,5501.161 (0.755–1.786)1.029 (0.791–1.338)
Regular exercise
    None3,8511.0<0.00011.0<0.0001
    Low exercise8001.231 (0.773–1.962)1.187 (0.944–1.493)
    Middle exercise3741.868 (1.131–3.087)1.241 (0.909–1.692)
    High exercise3471.064 (0.617–1.835)1.067 (0.779–1.462)
Family history of diabetes
    No5,2651.01.0
    Yes5782.953 (1.996–4.369)1.435 (1.113–1.850)
  • *

    * P values are for a linear trend test of ORs.

  • Units are 10,000 Korean won/month. DBP, diastolic blood pressure; SBP, systolic blood pressure.