Table 1—

Characteristics of 64-year-old women by glucose tolerance after two OGTTs

VariableNGTIGT/NGTIGTNew diabetesKnown diabetes
n1,651221269119122
Weight (kg)70.3 ± 11.370.6 ± 11.374.8 ± 14.0*77.5 ± 12.780.0 ± 15.2
Height (cm)164.5 ± 6.0164.3 ± 5.6163.6 ± 5.8*163.7 ± 6.1163 ± 5.5
BMI (kg/m2)26.0 ± 4.026.1 ± 4.127.9 ± 5.0*28.9 ± 4.430.1 ± 5.5
Waist (cm)86.6 ± 10.787.9 ± 10.992.4 ± 12.0*96.4 ± 11.1101 ± 13.5
Hip (cm)102.8 ± 8.5102.8 ± 8.4105.7 ± 10.3*107.1 ± 9.6109.3 ± 11.8
WHR0.841 ± 0.0680.854 ± 0.068*0.874 ± 0.076*0.900 ± 0.0680.924 ± 0.072
Arm (cm)29.8 ± 3.229.5 ± 3.130.9 ± 4.0*31.2 ± 3.832.4 ± 4.3
Neck (cm)34.7 ± 4.035.0 ± 2.336.1 ± 2.8*36.7 ± 2.536.9 ± 12.8
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)146 ± 20.2149 ± 18.9*154 ± 20.2*158 ± 20.7148 ± 21.3
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)83 ± 9.084.0 ± 9.386 ± 9.2*89 ± 978 ± 10
Heart rate (bpm)70 ± 971 ± 1072 ± 10*73 ± 1169 ± 11
Blood glucose (mmol/l)
    Fasting 14.9 ± 0.55.1 ± 0.85.3 ± 0.76.6 ± 1.58.8 ± 3.3
    OGTT 16.3 ± 0.98.6 ± 1.09.5 ± 1.611.6 ± 2.6NA
    Fasting 2NA4.8 ± 0.55.1 ± 0.66.5 ± 1.38.5 ± 3.0
    OGTT 2NA6.8 ± 0.79.3 ± 1.112.0 ± 2.3NA
Family history diabetes25% (379/1514)26% (50/195)34% (84/249)*48% (53/111)52% (44/84)
  • Data are means ± SD unless otherwise indicated.

  • *

    * P < 0.05 compared with NGT;

  • P < 0.001 for trend. NA, not applicable