Table 1—

Prevalence of diabetes among children in the U.S., from the National Survey of Children’s Health, 2003–2004

Diabetes prevalenceP value for χ2 testDistribution among those with reported diabetes (%)Distribution among all children in the sample (%)
Overall3.2 (2.6–3.7)
Age<0.001
    0–5 years1.3 (0.1–1.9)1333
    6–11 years2.5 (1.8–3.2)2633
    12–17 years5.6 (4.3–6.9)6134
Sex0.37
    Male3.4 (2.6–4.2)5551
    Female2.9 (2.1–3.7)4549
Race0.04
    Non-Hispanic white3.8 (3.0–4.6)7361
    African American2.2 (1.2–3.2)1014
    Hispanic2.2 (0.9–3.6)1218
    Other/multiracial2.2 (1.0–3.4)57
Poverty status*0.96
    >200% of poverty level3.2 (2.4–4.0)6059
    ≤200% of poverty level3.2 (2.3–4.0)4041
Family structure0.43
    Single parent3.5 (2.5–4.5)2725
    Two parent3.0 (2.4–3.7)7375
Region0.43
    Northeast2.8 (1.6–3.9)1518
    Midwest3.9 (2.8–5.1)2822
    South2.8 (2.1–3.5)3236
    West3.2 (1.7–4.8)2524
Weight status0.17
    BMI <85th percentile3.4 (2.4–4.3)5361
    85th ≤ BMI < 95th percentile4.3 (2.8–5.9)1715
    BMI ≥95th percentile4.7 (3.3–6.1)3024
  • Data are diabetes prevalence (95% CI) per 1,000 children unless otherwise indicated.

  • *

    * Excludes unknown income.